COURSE DESCRIPTIONS FOR GRADE 10 (LISTED IN ALPHABETICAL ORDER WITH FRENCH IMMERSION COURSES AT THE END)

VISUAL ARTS 10 (ART 10) – academic    

Previous experience in art is not required. This is a general introductory studio course designed to give students a solid foundation in the basic skills of visual representation through the exploration of a wide range of techniques and materials. The perception of value tones, contrasts, colour and form is developed through diverse assignments that offer opportunity for personal expression. The major topics covered are: observational drawing, painting techniques and the illusions of depth, 2D compositional designing and an introduction to 3D sculptural approaches. Art history and art theory accompany each unit of activity in a complimentary fashion.

NOTE: This course is also recommended for Grade 11 and 12 students with no previous Art experience

 

BUSINESS 10 (BUS 10) – open 

This is an entry-level course that develops an understanding of basic business concepts. Students will familiarize themselves with the basics of business education, and develop and apply problems solving techniques and critical thinking skills. Students will communicate and work cooperatively to use the strategies and processes involved in problem solving.

 

This course allows students to become aware of how they are influenced by business and how they can affect changes in their own lives by understanding the way business works, and by acquiring the skills they need to be successful in their future endeavours. This course is designed to propel students into taking Entrepreneurship 12, Business Management 12, Accounting and Economics in order to foster an interest in the business world. Students will recognize the globalization of the marketplace and the positive aspect it has for Nova Scotia businesses. They will understand the impact of trade agreements and business technology on a business ability to develop markets. Contemporary issues regarding business ethics will be a component.

 

BUSINESS TECHNOLOGY 11 (BTEC 11) – academic

Business Technology 11 introduces students to a range of business productivity software tools and their application.  Software will include word processor, spreadsheet and desktop publishing.  In this course, students develop a basic proficiency in touch keyboarding, integrate touch keyboarding skills with skills in document processing and design, create spreadsheets to manage data, apply the principles and practices of desktop publishing to design and produce documents.  Business Technology 11 may be used to meet one of the compulsory technology credit requirements. 

 

CAREER DEVELOPMENT 10 (CDV10 O) – open

Career Development 10 is designed to help young people to understand how to manage their personal lives and resources (including financial resources), and to develop the ability to organize and shape their careers.

Students in Career Development 10 will develop their abilities to communicate, think, and deal with their feelings. They will explore realistic personal goals, assess their own abilities, and realize how these actions will affect their learning and decision-making processes. They will develop awareness of their place in the community and the value to their personal growth of giving service to the community.

 

The development of their abilities to think and communicate effectively and to deal with their feelings will provide students with a basis for building self-management skills and improving relationships with others. They will learn to develop their understanding of how relationships, health, careers, and resources affect their lives.  Through an increased awareness of themselves, students will be able to contribute more positively to the wellbeing of others.

 

Career Development 10 has five modules that are closely related. Module 1: Personal Development, Module 2: Career Awareness, Module 3: Workplace Readiness, Module 4: Financial Management, and Module 5: LifeWork Portfolio

 

COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGY 11 (CMT 11) – academic

Communications Technology is one of the biggest influences affecting our daily lives. The power to communicate intelligently and precisely is an asset personally and professionally CMT 11 is an introductory course that exposes students to a wide range of technical tools, processes, and applications related to traditional and new media.

 

This course will begin with an orientation to Communication Technology unit. Then through a hands-on approach, students will become involved with a wide range of technical concepts including: Digital Photography, Graphic Design, Web Publishing, and Animation.

 

DANCE 11 (DAN 11) – academic  

Dance 11 is designed for all students, with or without previous formal dance training, and builds on student’s experiences in dance throughout the physical education curriculum, grades primary to nine. It emphasizes creative movement as a form of communication and self-expression, as a unique way of learning about oneself and others.

Learning experiences in this course offer students opportunities to explore a range of dance styles with more focused work in a few genres: create and present dance sequences: respond critically to their own dance works and those of others; and make connections with dance in local and global contexts, both past and present. Students may also have opportunities to examine the connections between dance and others arts disciplines.

 

The course comprises four components: elements of movement, creation and composition, presentation and performance, and dance and society. This course satisfies the Fine Arts credit requirement or the new Physical Education credit requirement beginning 2008.

 

DRAMA 10 (DRA 10) – academic  

This Developmental Drama course is open to all students entering grade 10.

Developmental Drama as an elective credit course does not fulfill the mandatory English requirement, however, it will fulfill a fine arts requirement. This introduction to drama includes the development of the physical, intellectual and emotional skills used in the theatre. Content includes movement, voice, mime and improvisation. Co-operative activities are the basis of the program, although some individual activities are included. Participation in-group activities is essential.

 

Developmental Drama is a forum both for developing skills and for creative self-expression. This course satisfies the Fine Arts credit requirement.

 

ENGLISH 10 (ENG 10) – academic 

This course seeks to provide a balance of learning experiences for all students in reading and writing and oral communication. The study of literature focuses on reading and informed response to the selections.  A variety of titles, genres, and levels of difficulty will be provided.  Students will contribute to decisions about the literature they study in their Independent Reading and in other ways.

Writing is viewed not only as a creative act, but also as a learning process to clarify, organize, and express complex ideas. Writing and creative skills are developed through Writing Workshops where multi-genre writing will be practiced.  There is an emphasis of the impact of electronic media on 21st century learners for both information and communication. Students are encouraged to have reading and writing goals and to assume responsibility for their learning, to take risks, and to reflect upon their growth.

 

Students with strong language arts skills will have the opportunity to show greater individual initiative, critical judgement, and independence, to select more challenging materials and projects. All students will practice employing creative, logical, and critical thinking skills. Assessment of learning will take place to identify areas for growth and will be measured through demonstration by students of English Language Arts outcomes. Students will write a provincial exam at the end of this course.

 

EXPLORING TECHNOLOGY 10 (EXT 10) – academic

This course presents students with an exciting look at technology and its development.

EXT10 is designed to provide students with an opportunity to understand technology as related to everyday life. This course retains a hands-on, experimental philosophy, while introducing students to a broad spectrum of technology, how technology works, and how it affects our lives. The course offers a wide variety of assignment and project work in many interesting areas related to technology.

Twenty-four students will use electronic, graphic and digital communication methods throughout the course as they experience a broad range of activities.

 

FOOD FOR HEALTHY LIVING 10/ FOOD IN SOCIETY 10 – open

Food for Healthy Living 10 is a half-credit course that is combined with International Foods 10 for a full Family Studies 10 credit.

 

Energy, growth and health are affected by healthy food choices. In Food for Healthy Living 10, students plan and prepare meals that complement healthy life choices. The course explores how life choices and food availability affect diet. Students will learn to identify nutrition issues that require dietary modifications. The impact of food marketing and advertising on people’s food choices is addressed.

 

Students in International Foods 10 “travel” on a virtual global foods tour exploring diverse historical, geographical, cultural and nutritional components of international cuisine. The course includes discussions with community guest speakers, demonstrations and food tasting experiences. Students examine global food issues affecting individuals, families and communities locally and around the world.

 

  

CORE FRENCH 10 (FRE 10) – academic

The objectives of this course are to develop and broaden the skills required to communicate in French.

French is the language of instruction and students are expected to use French at all times. Although the emphasis will be placed on oral communication, reading and writing are an integral part of learning a language and are an essential part of the program. These communication skills will be developed through the study of various themes such as sports and physical fitness, friendships and relationships, school life and its problems. The student will be required to make oral presentations such as role-playing and skits, write brief compositions and work in groups or with a partner. Themes appropriate to the age and interests of students will be selected. Students coming out of grade 9 French Immersion should not take core French 10. They have previously undergone a much more intense study of the language and will not find core french a challenging credit. We encourage these students to continue with their French studies and select Francais 10. They may do this and not be enrolled in the full Immersion program.

 

GEOGRAPHY 10 (GEO 10) - academic  

The aim of this Physical Geography course is to develop awareness of the processes that continue to contribute to the shaping of our physical environment both locally and internationally. This course is designed to give students an understanding of the physical world in which they live. Students learn how the earth arrived at its present shape, as well as how to find their way around this planet.

Some topics include: mapping, Solar System, plate tectonics, Ecosystems, rocks and minerals.

 

HISTORY 10 (HIS 10) - academic  

This Ancient History course is an introduction to the study of history in high school. There are two overall goals: (1) to examine and understand these events and outcomes which are considered to be "foundation stones" of Western civilization, and (2) to explore with students why the story of human experience should lead all people to respect and appreciate others, regardless of location, culture, religion, race or gender. Topics include archaeology, human evolution, and the impact of technological progress on early human development, Cradles of Civilization, religion, Classical Greece and Rome, Sub-Saharan African Kingdoms, among others. Particular emphasis will be placed on student presentations, group activities, debates and historical research techniques. This course is designed for those interested in history and as an introduction to students who wish to take History 11 or Global History 12.

 

MATHEMATICS 10 (MT 10) – academic, 2 credits

This course will be presented as a 220-hour course. This will mean that students will have mathematics class every day for their grade 10 year. Mathematics 10 is an academic high school mathematics course that is a pre-requisite for all other academic and advanced mathematics courses. Students who select Mathematics 10 should have a solid understanding of mathematics from their junior high years. This means that students would have demonstrated satisfactory achievement of learning outcomes in grade 9 mathematics.

 

All students following the academic or advanced pathway will need to take Mathematics 10 followed by Mathematics 11. These courses are to be taken consecutively, not concurrently.

 

There are two typical pathways for students who successfully complete Mathematics 10:

For those students intending to follow the academic pathway, Mathematics 10 will be followed Mathematics 11 and then Mathematics 12. (Mathematics 11 and Mathematics 12 are designed to provide students with the mathematical understandings and critical-thinking skills identified for post-secondary studies in programs that do not require the study of theoretical calculus).

 

For those students intending to follow the advanced pathway, Mathematics 10 will be followed by Mathematics 11, then Pre-Calculus 11 and Pre-Calculus 12. Alternatively, students who successfully complete Mathematics 10 may choose to select a graduation credit in grade 11.

 

Students in Mathematics 10 will explore the following topics: Measurement systems, surface area and volume, right triangle trigonometry, exponents and radicals, polynomials, linear relations and functions, linear equations and graphs, solving systems of equations, and financial mathematics.

               

MATHEMATICS ESSENTIALS 10 (MTHE 10) – graduation 

Mathematics Essentials 10 is an introductory high school mathematics course designed for students who do not intend to pursue post-secondary study or who plan to enter programs that do not have any mathematics pre-requisites.

Mathematics Essentials courses are designed to provide students with the development of the skills and understandings required in the workplace, as well as those required for everyday life at home and in the community. Students will become better equipped to deal with mathematics in the real world and will become more confident in their mathematical abilities.

The typical pathway for students who successfully complete Mathematics Essentials 10 is Mathematics Essentials 11 followed by Mathematics for the Workplace 12.

 

Students in Mathematics Essentials 10 will explore the following topics: mental math, working and earning, deductions and expenses, paying taxes, making purchases, buying decisions, probability, measuring and estimating, transformation and design, and buying a car.

 Students who have not passed grade 9 Math must take the Math Essentials 10 course.

 

 

MATHEMATICS AT WORK 10 (MTW 10) – graduation 

Mathematics at Work 10 is an introductory high school mathematics course that demonstrates the application and importance of key math skills. The new Mathematics at Work courses are designed to provide students with the mathematical understandings and critical-thinking skills identified for direct entry into the work force or for entry into programs of study that do not require academic mathematics.

The typical pathway for students who successfully complete Mathematics at Work 10 is Mathematics at Work 11 followed by Mathematics at Work 12. Some students who successfully complete Mathematics at Work 10 may choose to take Mathematics Essentials 11 followed by Mathematics for the Workplace 12.

Students in Mathematics at Work 10 will explore the following topics: measurement, area, Pythagorean theorem, trigonometry, geometry, unit pricing and currency exchange, income, and basic algebra.

 

MUSIC 10 –Instrumental (MUS 10B) - academic

It is strongly recommended that each student have at least 3 years experience on a woodwind, brass or percussion instrument.  Students continue to study the elements of music through individual development on their instruments.  Technical skills are refined through scales and rhythmic exercises; musical skills through Etude Studies.  Each music student must be a member of the Concert Band.  This course satisfies the Fine Arts credit requirement.

Theory:  The composition process is examined through basic rudiments of notation; major and minor scales; rhythm; and intervals.  Ear training is begun.

History:  An overview study of the musical periods throughout history, with specific focus on the Baroque period, both literary and listening study.

 

MUSIC 10- VOCAL (MUS 10V) - academic

For those students who enjoy singing, this is the perfect choice for a Fine Arts Credit.  You don’t have to be an advanced singer or know how to read music.  You will be taught note reading and rhythms through the music that you sing.  Music from various periods will be sung in class.  Vocal exercises will be taught to improve voice production. Music outcomes will be covered, as they are in Instrumental Music 10.

Theory:  The composition process is examined through basic rudiments of notation; major and minor scales, rhythm and intervals.  Ear training is begun.

History: An overview study of musical history, with specific focus on the Baroque period, with both literary and listening study.

 

PHYSICALLY ACTIVE LIVING 11 (PHAL) - open

This full credit course is designed to engage students in a wide range of physically active experiences, with an overall theme of exploring options and opportunities for being active for life, both in school and in their community.  Physically Active Living 11 encompasses both an activity component and a theory component, with an emphasis on engagement in physical activity.

The activity component of the course is designed to provide opportunities for students in active experiences that engage youth in traditional and non-traditional forms of physical activity.

The theory component of the course will enhance student understanding of healthy eating, injury prevention, mental and emotional health, and additional prevention highlighting the connection between healthy living and being physically active.

This course fulfills the physical education requirement for graduation.

 

PHYSICAL EDUCATION 10 (PHE 10) - open

This course will provide students with a variety of fitness and sport experiences to enhance their understanding of personal fitness and growth. Physical Education 10 includes some theory components, coupled with predominantly active experiences whereby students will have the opportunity to participate in a variety of indoor and outdoor fitness, sport, and recreational experiences. The emphasis of this curriculum is to provide students with experiences that require them to take and reflect on their personal responsibility for active, healthy living now and throughout life.

The course is divided into four (4) modules: Outdoor Pursuits, Exercise Science, Personal Fitness, and Leadership.

This course fulfills the physical education requirement for graduation.

 

PHYSICAL EDUCATION: MARTIAL ARTS 11 - open

This course is designed for students to receive daily instruction in Karate and experience other aspects of martial arts and Asian culture. Students are required to complete an in-depth theory component that will cover the history of Karate and its introduction to Canada. The karate-ka (student of karate) will learn fundamental karate techniques (kihon), forms (kata), basic sparing (kumite) and language. Developing self-defence will also be a regular component of training and students will be expected to wear a gi (uniform). Through regular training, the ultimate aim of Martial Arts 11 is for students to commence a journey towards self-improvement. The training component will run in a traditional dojo manner with the possibility to train for a higher belt rank. Experience is not necessary but a minimum level of fitness is useful. This course fulfills the physical education requirement for graduation.

 

SCIENCE 10 (SCI 10) - academic 

Science 10 is a course that sets the stage for further studies in science.  All students are expected to have taken this course.   The course is organized into 4 equal sections that together encompass the fundamentals of physics (students investigate the science of motion), chemistry (students investigate the science of chemical reactions) , biology (students investigate the science of ecological sustainability) and earth science (students investigate what causes weather) . Through individual and group assignments, projects and lab work students gain insight into ways of presenting and interpreting scientific writing and practice making predictions based on data or other types of information.

 

SPANISH 10 (SPA 10) – academic

This is an introductory course to Spanish language and culture for students who have no Spanish background, though knowledge of French is beneficial. The students will be able to make introductions, greet and describe themselves and others and their surroundings. They will be able to talk about their family, their school, shopping, and work and leisure activities. Students will know their numbers, dates, seasons and weather and be able to tell time. They will be able to use the present tense of regular and some irregular verbs, will understand the gender of nouns, how to use adjectives, pronouns and negatives. This is a very communicative program that uses video and cassettes in addition to texts and workbooks. Students will be expected to use their language skills to produce a short scene or skit at the end of the each unit. This, together with partner work, projects and presentations, will satisfy the oral part of the program. Evaluation is based on this oral work, written class work, participation and tests at the end of each unit.

 

YOGA 11 - academic
Yoga 11 will introduce students to various styles and characteristics of yoga. It is an expectation that students will develop a lifelong personal practice of yoga for personal fitness and recreation. Students will be participating in a variety of activities that will include both physical practice and classroom theory. The physical practice of yoga will include learning, developing, and practicing skills that involve strength, flexibility, endurance, balance, poise, regulation of energy, and mental focus, all of which can be applied to other physical activities. Classroom sessions educate students about the relationship between nutrition and fitness, the history and philosophy of yoga including values of non-violence, ethics, honesty and respect in the context of challenging physical activity. This course fulfills the physical education requirement for graduation. There is no pre-requisite.

 

 

 FRENCH IMMERSION COURSES: 


ART DRAMATIQUE 10 (DRA 10F) Immersion - académique 

This Developmental Drama course is open to all students entering grade 10. Developmental Drama as an elective credit course does not fulfill the mandatory English requirement; however, it will fulfill a fine arts requirement. This introduction to drama includes the development of the physical, intellectual and emotional skills used in the theatre. Content includes movement, voice, mime and improvisation. Co-operative activities are the basis of the program, although some individual activities are included. Participation in-group activities is essential. Developmental Drama is a forum both for developing skills and for creative self-expression.

This course satisfies the Fine Arts credit requirement and is offered in French.

 

FRANÇAIS 10 (FRA 10F) Immersion – académique 

This course seeks to enable students to increase their ability to function in French, both orally and in the written format.  Class activities will offer students the opportunity to further develop their expression and comprehension skills, as well as their communication strategies, empowering them to function both personally and socially.  Participants will have the occasion to take part in conversations, present skits and dialogues, and give oral presentations (alone or with a partner).  Through these activities, students will enrich their vocabulary, their fluency and learn to express opinions, feelings and concepts in French.  These activities will also assist students in developing their organisational and research skills. 

 

At the written level, students will be introduced to French Canadian authors through the reading of short stories, poetry, magazine articles and a novel, thus developing an appreciation of the French culture in Canada.  Finally, participants will have the opportunity to communicate in the written format.  Students will use the writing process to ameliorate their grammar, sentence structure, punctuation and written vocabulary.  To function well in this course, participants have to be ready to take responsibility for their learning, to actively participate in class activities, both orally and in writing, and to use French as the language of communication.

 

HISTOIRE 10 (HIS 10F) Immersion – académique 

This Ancient History course is an introduction to the study of history in high school. There are two overall goals: (1) to examine and understand these events and outcomes which are considered to be "foundation stones" of Western civilization, and (2) to explore with students why the story of human experience should lead all people to respect and appreciate others, regardless of location, culture, religion, race or gender.  

 

Topics include archaeology, human evolution, and the impact of technological progress on early human development, Cradles of Civilization, religion, Classical Greece and Rome, Sub Saharan African Kingdoms, among others. Particular emphasis will be placed on student presentations, primary and secondary source analysis, debates and historical research techniques. This course is designed for those interested in history and as an introduction to students who wish to take History 11 or Global History 12. 

This course is offered in French.

 

MATHÉMATIQUES 10 (MT 10IM) Immersion - académique  (2 credit course)

This course is presented as a 220-hour course. This will mean that students will have mathematics class every day for their grade 10 year. Mathematics 10 is an academic high school mathematics course that is a pre-requisite for all other academic and advanced mathematics courses. Students who select Mathematics 10 should have a solid understanding of mathematics from their junior high years. This means that students would have demonstrated satisfactory achievement of learning outcomes in grade 9 mathematics.

 

Students in Mathematics 10 will explore the following topics: measurement systems, surface area and volume, right triangle trigonometry, exponents and radicals, polynomials, linear relations and functions, linear equations and graphs, solving systems of equations and financial mathematics. 

 

Students who successfully complete this course will receive 2 French Immersion credits.

For more information, see course description in English (Math 10)

 

SCIENCES 10 (SCI 10F) Immersion – académique 

Sciences 10 is designed to help students develop scientific literacy. Thus, students are encouraged to develop problem-solving skills, an inquiring mind and to improve their decision-making and research abilities. Basic science-related skills and attitudes will be a focus for this course, thus successful completion of science 10 will help prepare students for their science electives in grades 11 & 12.

Topics include: Sustainability of Ecosystems (Examination of agricultural and industrial practices and their impact on the global environment; as well as the human populations role in global environmental sustainability), Chemical Reactions (An introduction to formula writing and qualitative chemical reactions), Motion (Investigating the relationship between velocity, and time), and Weather (Energy sources and how this affects weather systems).

 

Through varied methods such as laboratory investigations, independent assignments and group projects, students are given the opportunity to demonstrate their understanding of the science 10 topics.  This course is offered in French.